208 votes

Fort Necessity

1 Washington Parkway, Farmington, Pennsylvania 15437 USA

Closed Now
Opens Sat 9a
  • Independent
  • Wheelchair
  • Public
  • Outdoor
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“Historic pre-America Battlefield”

Rival claims between the French and the English to the vast territory along the Ohio River between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi approached a climax about 1750. The Ohio Company (organized in 1748 by a group of prominent Englishmen and Virginians who saw the economic and financial potential of the area) had obtained a large grant of 200,000 acres in the upper Ohio River Valley. From its post at Wills Creek, now Cumberland, Maryland, the Company planned additional settlements and started to open an 80-mile wagon road to the Monongahela River. Meanwhile, the French, who considered the Ohio a vital link between New France (Canada) and Louisiana, advanced southward and westward, from Fort Niagara on Lake Ontario, driving out English traders and claiming the Ohio River Valley for France. In 1753, Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia learned the French had built Fort Presque Isle near Lake Erie and Fort Le Boeuf in that part of the Ohio country claimed by Virginia. He sent an eight-man expedition under George Washington to warn the French to withdraw.

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Reviewed by

  • 16 Reviews
  • 0 Helpful
July 08, 2021
Rated 5.0

These rangers know their history, and are happy to share it! Great exhibits in the hall, sweet little play area for the kids, short walk to see the fort and battleground area. An important piece of history rarely taught in schools. I enjoyed the hike up to the Tavern/Inn - nice little incline. Fun to look around the room where people stayed !

I appreciate learning about the history of US 40 and the importance of the highway/road system in developing West of the Appalachian mountains.

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Reviewed by

  • 18 Reviews
  • 4 Helpful
June 11, 2018
Rated 5.0

Really well-done NPS site. The movie was good, the museum was good, and the grounds are beautiful. A little spread out, but the replica fort and the tavern are easy to get to from the Visitor Center. The grave is a bit of a drive. Well worth the visit.

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Reviewed by

  • 3 Reviews
  • 0 Helpful
June 28, 2016
Rated 4.0

This park is small and its main content is easily enjoyed in a few hours. Exhibits are excellent and National Highway info is included. Guided tours are frequent and staff is friendly.

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Reviewed by
Tatiana Danger

  • Road Warrior
  • 1,169 Reviews
  • 873 Helpful
March 28, 2016
Rated 4.0

Before George Washington spent time as a colonel at Fort Ligonier, he spent time at the Battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754. Viewed as the first major conflict of the French and Indian War, the site is now a great place for people to learn about the French and Indian War and how it paved the way for the Revolutionary War.

Start at the Fort Necessity Battlefield visitor center where you’ll learn more about the fort and the war then head down the paved path to the battlefield and fort.

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Reviewed by

  • 4 Reviews
  • 0 Helpful
October 19, 2014
Rated 4.0

Great fall day for a day hike around the grounds of Fort Necessary!

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Fort Necessity

1 Washington Parkway
Farmington, Pennsylvania
15437 USA


Closed Now
  • Sun - Sat: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

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Good for bird watching, hiking, and 3 more activities.

  • Parking
  • Pets Allowed
  • Restrooms
  • Wifi
  • Wheelchair Accessible
  • Credit Cards Accepted
National park
  • Outdoor Seating
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Campground, Parking, Dining

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