“Historic pre-America Battlefield”
Rival claims between the French and the English to the vast territory along the Ohio River between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi approached a climax about 1750. The Ohio Company (organized in 1748 by a group of prominent Englishmen and Virginians who saw the economic and financial potential of the area) had obtained a large grant of 200,000 acres in the upper Ohio River Valley. From its post at Wills Creek, now Cumberland, Maryland, the Company planned additional settlements and started to open an 80-mile wagon road to the Monongahela River. Meanwhile, the French, who considered the Ohio a vital link between New France (Canada) and Louisiana, advanced southward and westward, from Fort Niagara on Lake Ontario, driving out English traders and claiming the Ohio River Valley for France. In 1753, Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia learned the French had built Fort Presque Isle near Lake Erie and Fort Le Boeuf in that part of the Ohio country claimed by Virginia. He sent an eight-man expedition under George Washington to warn the French to withdraw.
Really well-done NPS site. The movie was good, the museum was good, and the grounds are beautiful. A little spread out, but the replica fort and the tavern are easy to get to from the Visitor Center. The grave is a bit of a drive. Well worth the visit.
This park is small and its main content is easily enjoyed in a few hours. Exhibits are excellent and National Highway info is included. Guided tours are frequent and staff is friendly.
Before George Washington spent time as a colonel at Fort Ligonier, he spent time at the Battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754. Viewed as the first major conflict of the French and Indian War, the site is now a great place for people to learn about the French and Indian War and how it paved the way for the Revolutionary War.
Start at the Fort Necessity Battlefield visitor center where you’ll learn more about the fort and the war then head down the paved path to the battlefield and fort.
Great fall day for a day hike around the grounds of Fort Necessary!
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Fort Necessity Battlefield
- Sun - Sat: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
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